Fried prawn (海老フライ ebi furai) is a kind of deep fried cuisine popular in Japan. It is acknowledged by some to be a speciality dish of the city of Nagoya.
It is a popular ingredient of Japanese bento, with Fried Prawn Bentō (エビフライ弁当 ebi furai), being a common menu item at bentō shops.
Usually Kuruma Ebi is used, but due to a decline in its cultivation, stores using black tiger shrimp have become more numerous. Recently there have even been places that use Ise Ebi. It is said that in 1900, as Tonkatsu and minced meat cutlets grew in popularity in Western food restaurants in Ginza, Tokyo, fried prawn—similar in nature—was invented.
These days, between one- and two-thirds of what are marketed as fried prawns are actually frozen, which increases manufacturers’ profits. Farmed prawns are getting larger and fatter than ever due to the addition of various chemicals into the water.
A prawn is straightened out flat, and a small incision along the back made. The digestive tract is then pulled out of this incision, for the tract tastes gritty.
The prawn is then coated with flour, beaten egg and panko breadcrumbs in that order, and deep-fried in hot cooking oil.
The head is usually taken off before cooking. However if the prawn is fresh enough, it may be cooked and served whole. Some people prefer to eat the head, which becomes crispy.
Fried prawns are often eaten with a choice of thick Worcester sauce, lemon juice or tartare sauce.
When made without bread flour and placed on a hot bowl of rice, this is called ebi-don (エビ丼, fried prawn and egg over rice).
As written above, ebi furai has been acknowledged as being one of Nagoya’s speciality foods. This is not because ebi furai originated from Nagoya, but rather because Tamori, a popular Japanese talento, made a joke about ebi furai being called ebi furyaa in Nagoya-ben. This word did not actually exist in Nagoya-ben before this joke, as gairaigo generally does not change in Japanese dialects. His joke has caused a large portion of the Japanese population to believe that this variation of the word ebi furai actually existed in Nagoya-ben.Source : Ebi Furai – Wikipedia the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fried_prawn